Urban and Regional Planning – URP530 Planning Theory

URP530 Planning Theory
Assignment 3 – Research Paper (40%) 
Due: end of week 13 (midnight Sunday) 
Length: 3,000 – 3,500 word paper

Each student will write a 3,000 – 3,500 word research paper, analysing a planning case study (process, event, plan, locality, region or conceptual controversy), from a theoretical perspective. 
You are asked to analyse the topic/case from the perspectives of theories determined as most appropriate to your topic. Some guiding points may be:
 Analytical theories — what explains the turn of events? Who won and who lost (in social terms)? What forces and powers have been at work? What has been the role of the state? Identities? Capital? Hegemonies? Has there been resistance to these forces?
 Urban form theories – .what concepts and paradigms of urban space were used in the case? Have they been contested? Can you shed a comparative light on the resulting geography? What have been the consequences?
 Procedural – How would you characterize the decision making in the case at hand? Did it fit known procedural theories (rational, incremental, deliberative etc.)? Can you link these to other theoretical aspects?
 Normative – how do you assess the case in terms of ethics, justice and governance? How could it be improved by future policies? 

Checklist
• You need to draw on at least 7-8 scholarly references (i.e. journal articles or book chapters that cover the theories you are discussing).
• You will need to do some empirical research for this assignment – review government reports/websites, talk to key players, review any media coverage, etc. – associated with the case. 

Structure of paper
• The paper should be in an essay format (with headings). Do not use decimal notation (which is typical of a report format).
• The paper should have a structure that includes an introduction, a body and a conclusion. For example:
Introduction
Case description
Theory / theme 1 (use own heading)
Theory / theme 2 (use own heading)…
Conclusion
• The paper should have its own title (which identifies the case and the focus you have chosen).
• Avoid very short (1 or 2 sentences) or very long (over half a page) paragraphs.
• You may use footnotes if necessary to include extra information (eg. about the case) which may otherwise disrupt the flow of the paper. Footnotes are not included in the word count.

Format of paper
• Include a full reference list at the end of the paper (on its own page/s). The reference list should be in Chicago referencing style (see Curtin library website). The reference list should only include texts that are cited within the paper. You may include a separate bibliography list for texts you have read but not directly cited in the paper.
• Make sure you properly acknowledge any material from another author/source you use in the paper – scholarly texts and research material (such as newspaper articles, government reports/websites, and interviews-‘pers. com’). See Chicago referencing guide for assistance. 
• All direct quotations (i.e. “text”) require a page number (unless they are from a website).

Assessment 3 Marking Criteria
Assessment 3 (40%) Research Paper
Assessment Criteria Comments Mark
Research:
• Evidence of theoretical reading and use of theories
• Quality of references consulted
• Evidence of empirical research using appropriate documentary sources and interviews /15
Analysis:
• Understanding of theory 
• Critical analysis and insightful comment (drawing on literature to justify your arguments)
• Connection of theory to practice (eg. using categories developed by theories to assess practice)
• Construction and coherence of argument /20
Style:
• English expression
• Essay structure
• Referencing style /5

Proposed case study

Greater Springfield sustainable Development

The case study will analyse the Greater Springfield sustainable development in the context of normative planning theory. This case study will be structured as follows: Introduction, body (case study description analysis) and conclusions. The reason for choosing Greater Spring as the focus of analysis is that the region is coming alive and latest planning models are at play. Policies and practice on sustainable development are being implemented.
Introduction
The introduction will define normative planning theory and sustainable development. The structure of the essay and scope will be outlined. The site (Greater Springfield) will be described and the concept behind this master planned city. 
Case Study description 
Greater Springfield is located in south west corridor of South East Queensland and it is Australia’s fastest emerging new city. Greater Springfield is one of the Australia’s fastest urban growth regions and is the only fully master planned city to be built in Australia after Canberra.
Theory 1. Normative planning theories:
With an understanding that practical implementation of sustainable development hinges on varying situations, normative planning theories will be applied to explore planning and design aspects in conjunction with relevant environmental, economic and social issues in Greater Springfield.
Scope:
I. economics
II. Social
III. Environment
These themes will be discussed in terms of design, parks and recreational space, waterways, public amenities, transport, policy and governance.
Conclusion
I. Summary of main findings
II. Recommendation on unsettled concerns that requires further investigation

Annotated Bibliography
Baker, Susan and Maria Kousis. 2012. Politics of Sustainable Development. Florence: Taylor and Francis.https://CURTIN.eblib.com.au/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=237287 (accessed January 15, 2016) 
The politics of Sustainable Development analyse the prospects of how the sustainable development theory can be adopted in Europe at all levels of government. The study starts with analysis focused on the intrinsic ambiguities in the concept of sustainable and the debatable premises of the theory itself. The book provides many understandings on how sustainable development could be accomplish in practice. Baker and Kousis present “Ladder of Sustainable Development” which promotes alternative contexts for implementing sustainable development. 
Camagni, Roberto, Roberta Capello, and Peter Nijkamp. 1998. “Towards sustainable city policy: an economy-environment technology nexus.” Ecological economics 24, no. 1: 103-118.https://www.sciencedirect.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/science/article/pii/S0921800997000323
The authors primarily offer a logical framework for “urban sustainable development” in order to show the key economic ideas that are concealed beneath the umbrella of sustainable development. Particular attention has been paid to the natural, the artefact and the social environments as varying environments that co-exist in a city. Each of the above mentioned does have positive and negative outcome for the city. Central to the discussion in this paper too, is to show that sustainable development’ requires new policies to be developed to achieve the equilibrium and administer “sustainable city”. This article is suitable to use in case study it highlight policy for managing sustainable city.
Chiesura, Anna. 2004. “The role of urban parks for the sustainable city.” Landscape and urban planning 68, no. 1: 129-138.https://www.sciencedirect.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/science/article/pii/S0169204603001865
The core objective of this paper is to illustrate the significance of urban nature space for peoples’ health and for the sustainability of the city they inhabit. Chiesura presented and discussed the outcome of a study undertaken for the people who visits an urban park in Amsterdam (The Netherlands). This survey examined visitors’ purposes for urban nature in terms of emotional aspect involved in the experience of natural environment and its importance for their overall well-being. 
Council of Mayors (SEQ). 2011. “Next Generation Planning”. A handbook for planners, designers and developers in South East Queensland https://www.seqmayors.qld.gov.au/
This handbook was put together by Mayors in South East Queensland (SEQ). Next Generation Planning encourage innovative ways of planning for the suburbs, towns and cities of South East Queensland (SEQ). This user friendly handbook explain different approaches to planning in SEQ. The handbook recognises “four Next Generation Planning concepts: – Affordable Living – Smart Growth – Form-based Codes – SEQ Place Model”. The primary objectives of these models are based on liveability and affordability of places in SEQ.
Dasgupta, Partha. 2007. Measuring sustainable development: Theory and application. Asian Development Review, 24(1), 1-10. Retrieved fromhttps://search.proquest.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/220282607?accountid=10382
Dasgupta utilises the idea of “social well-being” in order to highlight that “sustainable development” should reflect the preservation of economic growth in relation to population growth. The paper argue that the concept is practical when it analysed simple data from impoverish countries. The information is used to ascertain whether those countries had saw sustainable development during the period 1970–2000. The results are in turn used to “compare to the experiences of the United Kingdom and the United States”. This paper proved that sustainability is indeed achievable, hence this will inform the analysis of Greater Springfield case study.
Jenks, Mike, and Colin Jones, eds. 2009. Dimensions of the sustainable city. Vol. 2. Springer Science & Business Media. https://link.springer.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4020-8647-2
This research focuses on physical design of urban form with respect to: physical configuration and layout, including links to the wider urban system; its land uses and functions; the typology and density of built form and presence of open space. 
Fundamental of “Dimension of the Sustainable City” investigate the connection of five elements namely “the environmental (energy and ecology), transport, and social and economic dimensions of urban sustainability to urban form”. Besides, the research studied three satellite projects on different means of adapting the city, establish if sustainable developments results in “sustainable lifestyles, the ecological and psychological value of urban green space”. To validate assertions made that more compact, high-density and mixed use urban forms are environmentally better, efficient for transport, socially beneficial and economically viable, these claims are verified. The will be important when examining Greater Springfield sustainability credentials. 
Næss, Petter. 1994. “Normative planning theory and sustainable development.” Scandinavian Housing and Planning Research 11, no. 3: 145-167. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02815739408730358
This article discussed “opportunities and limitations” of different planning principles relative to the aspiration for environment friendly planning. The article discussed synoptic, incremental, transactive, advocacy and radical planning theories as criteria for a sustainable development. The author underscored that there are major inadequacies in all five theories in the perspective of sustainable development. The paper concluded that planning for sustainable society requires combination of different elements of planning theoretical frameworks to achieve this. For the purpose of this case study, normative planning theory is the lens of analysis. 

von Raggamby, Anneke; Rubik, Frieder. 2012. Sustainable Development, Evaluation and Policy-Making : Theory, Practise and Quality Assurance. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.https://CURTIN.eblib.com.au/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=928411 (accessed January 15, 2016)
The objectives of this path breaking book is to close the gap between academic and practical research and inform relevant policy makers. The book established a benchmark for best practice. The book address the policy-cycle by merging two concerns of policy evaluation and sustainable.

Other sources of information
1. Ipswich city council – Greater Springfield fall under Ipswich city council local government.
2. Greater Springfield land corporation – gain more insight about development practice in the area
3. Queensland Times newspaper (QT) https://www.qt.com.au/ covers news about development in Greater Springfield
4. Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planninghttps://www.statedevelopment.qld.gov.au/planning.html
5. Urban policy paper 2011. Australia governmenthttps://infrastructure.gov.au/infrastructure/pab/files/Our_Cities_National_Urban_Policy_Paper_2011.pdf
To understand how national policy influence on Greater Spring planning and projects development.

Please pay close attention to this lecturer comment 

Abraham, Overall, some of your proposal showed good potential, though it could have gone further in places. 1. There was not a great deal of detail provided in terms of introducing your case study and its justification (etc.). Also, make sure to further unpack sustainable development in terms of the normative aspect, you’re proposing to look at. Additionally, as part of situating it, you might want to consider the theoretical aspects influencing the notion of Sustainable Development. It’s quite a vague area, so please make sure, in your research paper, to frame it quite tightly, and, to stress…make sure that it relates to planning theory: that is, keep in mind that it’s not so much about evaluating a sustainability project, but is rather about exploring the theoretical aspects of sustainable development through your case study. 2. With your annotated bibliography
That aside, the summaries were generally good, though the usefulness of the readings to your project could have been better put. 3. The summary of sources of information was okay, though needed to be better justified (and explained) in relation to your project. The proposed structure was also okay, though needed to flesh out some of the details (please also refer to point 1 above). I’m also not sure exactly what the normative theories are that you’re referring to. I would also be cautious about going through economic, social, and environment dimensions as proposed…perhaps you could make this more theoretical by analysing it in terms of Campbell’s ‘Planners Triangle of conflicting goals’ – e.g. once you’ve gone through the social, economic, and environment sections, perhaps you could have another section that brings it all together with some penetrating theoretical analysis. Good luck with your paper – but, please, make sure to read widely and to look at it through the lens of theory.

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