Policing 26(3): 386-399

Bolton, Kenneth (2003) Shared perceptions: black officers discuss continuing barriers in policing. Policing 26(3): 386-399.

Stone, Christopher, Zachary Carter, Thomas Belfiore, Ella M. Bully-Cummings, Rev Dr Herbert Daughtry, Michael J. Farrell, George Gascón, Arva Rice, Lew Rice, and Damon T. Hewitt. (2015) Reducing Inherent Danger: Report of the Task Force on Police on Police Shootings. Electronic document available at: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/criminaljustice-backup/publications/Police-on-Police_Shootings_with_appendices.pdf

Goodman, Emily Jane (2004) City Settles Discrimination Lawsuit By Black And Latino Officers. Electronic document available at http://www.gothamgazette.com/article/law/20040220/13/876

Community Policing
Harris, David (2005) Building Bridges. In Good Cops, pp. 28-56. New York: The New Press.

Kennedy, David and Sue-Lin Wong (2009) The High Point Drug Market Intervention Strategy. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Available at
Klinenberg, Eric (2001) Bowling Alone, Policing Together. Social Justice 28(3): 75-80.
External Oversight

Floyd, et al v. City of New York (2013) Summary of Liability Opinion and Order & Summary of Remedial Opinion and Order.

Pinto, Nick (2014) After Chokehold Uproar, NYPD Oversight Group Wants Fewer Investigations. Gothamist August 6. Available at: http://gothamist.com/2014/08/06/chokehold_probe_nypd.php

Taylor, Flint (2015) Blood On Their Hands: The Racist History of Modern Police Unions. In These Times, January 14. Available at: http://inthesetimes.com/working/entry/17520/police_unions_racist

Considering the readings and at least one of your own scholarly sources(using google scholar), please write a minimum four-page essay in which you answer the following question:

What kind of interventions can police make to stop the ongoing reproduction of white privilege and black disenfranchisement?

It is understood that the reproduction of white privilege and black disenfranchisement is also perpetuated by other institutions like education systems, financial systems, real estate markets, and the family. However, this essay should focus on policing.
Grading rubric (what you will be graded on)
Directly answering the question—Put you essay’s thesis statement in bold;
Demonstrating an understanding of the readings;
Using at least one of your own scholarly sources retrieved from the electronic library;
Meeting proper length and format requirements (a page means approximately 250 words, double-spaced, in 12 point Courier or Times Roman font, with one inch margins all around);
Using proper spelling and grammar (use spell-check and then proofread a printed draft of your paper for spelling, grammar and structural problems);
Using properly cited quotations or references when referring to a book, article or other reading material;
Putting your name at the top of the first page (there is no need for a title page, a cover or a folder).
In a scholarly essay, if you quote from the book, or from some other source, you should include the citations in the essay. It could appear as follows:
Most “racial and ethnic minorities in the United States live in California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois” (Walker, Spohn and DeLone, 2007, p. 14).
According to Walker, Spohn and DeLone (2007, p. 14) most “racial and ethnic minorities in the United States live in California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois.”
If you don’t use a direct quotation, just their idea which you put in your own words, then you don’t need the page number, just the author and date. At the end of the essay you should list the references or bibliographic sources that you cited. Each listing should include the author(s), date, title, source or publisher and place of publication. For example:
MacIntosh, P. (1998). White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. In P. Rothenberg (Ed.), Race, Class and Gender in the United States: an Integrated Study (pp. 165-169). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Tyler, T. (2005). Policing in Black and White: Ethnic Group Differences in Trust and Confidence in the


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