Descriptive Statistics and Interpretation


Team A-Business Research Project












Intro/Background/Team Role

Business research is a “systematic inquiry that provides information to guide managerial decision-making. It is a process of planning, acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating relevant data, information and insights to decision makers” (Cooper & Schindler, 2014 p.4). This information is then used to guide sound business and operational decision making to optimize performance. Team A has selected Company TRC for its research study, and will explore as well as investigate findings based on two variables, one independent, one dependent as well as a hypothesis.

Company TRC is a blood donation and distribution company that supplies blood and blood products to the southern United States. Company TRC is committed to meeting the hematologic needs of the patient and strives to provide only the highest quality blood components and services.

Company TRC’s main focus is community blood centers that collect blood supply from donors, and directly service the needs of patients who live in the community. In order for TRC to service the community, the constituents must support through the donation of blood. According to the American National Red Cross, there are 15.7 million blood donations collected in the U.S. in a year, and there are 9.2 million blood donors in the U.S. in a year. Although an estimated 38 percent of the U.S. population is eligible to donate, less than 10% do each year (, 2016). Given that blood cannot be manufactured it can only come from the generosity of its donors. Because of the increasing need for blood and blood products such as plasma, platelets, and white cells, there is a continual need for blood donation, in particular, blood types O and AB. These two kinds are notoriously in short supply. A disparity exists between the number of people who are eligible to donate and those who donate. There are distinct factors that influence an individual’s ability or willingness to donate. Team A’s role is to identify these factors that affect behaviors and actions surrounding blood donation.

What are some factors that affect and or influence blood donations?

The need for blood donations is always in high demand, which is the dependent variable.  There is a constant blood shortage because the restricted amount of people that are eligible to donate.  At one point, anybody was allowed to give blood, but tighter restrictions on blood screening were enforced because people were contracting diseases from the donated blood.  In 1972, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began to regulate blood and plasma centers around the United States (  With stricter regulations and requirements for donation, the number of people who donate blood every year, the independent variable, should increase.  As of December 21, 2015, the FDA has changed its recommendation from the deferment of “men who have had sex with other men (MSM) to a 12-month blood donor deferral since last MSM contact (, 2015).”  The FDA lifted the blood donation ban on gay and bisexual men.  The FDA also lifted their ban on people “who have hemophilia or related blood clotting disorders (” Because of the increased safety measures now used in the making of blood clotting medications, the “FDA no longer considers those products a risk for HIV (”  With these bans being lifted, there will be about “4.2 million more eligible blood donors in the U.S. (Chalabi, 2015).”


            Company TRC is always in need of blood donations, and there are several different factors that different potential donors may face. These factors can range from a person simply choosing not to donate, too busy to donate, fear of needles, to factors that prevent them being eligible to give blood. There is no substitution for human blood, Team A believes that donor health, blood type, awareness, and educating the donor that donating blood not only gives back to the community but also saves lives is very important. Also, the convenience of Company TRC donation locations are factors that can affect and or influence a person’s ability to donate blood.







Blood Facts and Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved January 16, 2016, from


Chalabi, M. (2015, May 13). FDA Suggests Rule Change That Could Allow 2 Million People To Donate Blood. Retrieved January 16, 2016, from


Cooper, D., Schindler, P. (2014). Business Research Methods. (12th ed). New York, NY:

McGraw-Hill Companies. (2016). Blood facts and statistics. Retrieved January 16, 2016. From

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2015, December 21). Retrieved January 16, 2016, from


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